You can plug all of that info into tax-filing software, like Ramsey SmartTax. But as a freelancer, you’ll receive a 1099-NEC from the newspaper you shoot for. We’ve covered the basics about 1099s—who would receive them, who would send them, and what they are used for.

The IRS prescribes annual contributions limits for HSAs and Archer MSAs, which are adjusted each calendar year for inflation. On the right hand side of Form 1099-SA, you’ll see the information fields regarding your distributions. You can notify the IRS of your new address by filing IRS Form 8822, Change of Address. Business owners can notify the IRS of a change in their business address by filing IRS Form 8822-B, Change of Address or Responsible Party, Business.

  1. Form 1099 is used to report certain types of non-employment income to the IRS, such as dividends from a stock or pay you received as an independent contractor.
  2. Note that you may receive multiple Form 1099-SA’s with different distribution codes.
  3. If you haven’t received one and believe you should have, contact it.
  4. Much of this is outside the scope of this article but please the IRS Instructions (pdf) for Form 1099-SA for more information.
  5. Receiving Form 1099-SA means that there are certain tax forms you will have to file.
  6. The form is used to report income, proceeds, etc., only on a calendar year (January 1 through December 31) basis, regardless of the fiscal year used by the payer or payee for other Federal tax purposes.

Don’t worry, we’ll walk you through the different types of 1099 tax forms, why you got one (or five or 10), and what you’re supposed to do with them. A Health Savings Account (HSA) and Healthcare Flexible Spending Account (FSA) provide up to 30% savings on out-of-pocket healthcare expenses. Except you can’t contribute to an HSA and Healthcare FSA at the same time.

For the latest information about developments related to Forms 1099-SA and 5498-SA and their instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to and Special rules apply if you inherited an Archer MSA or MA MSA from your deceased spouse. If you inherited an HSA because of the death of your spouse, the IRS has instructions for Form 8889.

If the amount in box 2 includes earnings on excess contributions, you should also expect to see distribution code 2 in Box 3. If you inherited the account from someone who wasn’t your spouse, you must report as income on your tax return the fair market value (FMV) of the account as of the date of death. Report the amount on your tax return for the year the account owner died, even if 1099-sa you received the distribution from the account in a later year. Earnings on the account after the date of death are also taxable; include the earnings on the “Other income” line of your tax return. Second any money you take out of your account to pay for qualified medical expenses is also income tax free. Taxpayers must report any income even if they did not receive their 1099 form.

IRS Form 1099-MISC Instructions

Whether you receive all of your 1099 forms or not, taxpayers must report the income when they file their taxes. Taxpayers do not need to send their 1099 forms to the IRS when filing but should report any errors on their 1099s. Payees use the information provided on the 1099 forms to help them complete their own tax returns. In order to save paper, payers can give payees one single Combined Form 1099 that lists all of their 1099 transactions for the entire year. Taxpayers are usually not required to attach Form 1099s to their own Federal income tax returns unless the Form 1099 includes a report for Federal income tax withheld by the payer from the related payments. Generally, taxpayers must report distributions on their annual tax return, whether or not they are part of taxable income.

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Businesses must issue 1099s to any payee (other than a corporation) who receives at least $600 in non-employment income during the year. For example, a 1099 is typically issued by a financial services provider if a you earned $10 or more in interest income. Form 1099 is used to report certain types of non-employment income to the IRS, such as dividends from a stock or pay you received as an independent contractor. But if you were working as a contractor for a company, such as a rideshare business like Uber, where you collect electronic payments from customers, you’ll receive a 1099-K form from the company.

A typical example is Form 1099-S for reporting proceeds (not gain) from real estate transactions. The Form 1099-S preparer will report the sales proceeds without regard to the amount of the taxpayer’s “basis” in the real estate sold. The primary purpose of the form is to report distributions from HSA, MSA, and MA MSA accounts. This includes withdrawals made for qualified medical expenses, which are generally tax-free, as well as non-qualified distributions, which may be subject to taxation and penalties.

Understanding Box 4: Federal Income Tax Withheld

There are six types of distribution codes that are described below. Note that you may receive multiple Form 1099-SA’s with different distribution codes. This is so they can clearly delineate different tax treatment of distributions and handle them separately.

One possibility is to include a zero with a “see note” on line 7a, the “other income” line of a 1040 form, which is reported on line 8 of Schedule 1. A 1099-G is sent to those who received money from the federal, state, and local governments. For example, taxpayers who received a local tax refund or unemployment benefits would likely receive a 1099-G. People use the 1099-MISC to report several other types of miscellaneous income, including substitute payments to brokers that take the place of stock dividends and fishing boat or crop insurance profits.

In this case the withdrawal is not taxed or penalized, and paying it back is not treated as a contribution (or excess contribution) on Form 5498-SA. The below images show what a completed Form 1099-SA might look like from your HSA custodian. You can expect to receive this in the first few months of the new year, before your taxes are due.

For more information about statements to participants, see part M in the 2023 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns. Do not report a trustee-to-trustee transfer from one Archer MSA or MA MSA to another Archer MSA or MA MSA, from an Archer MSA to an HSA, or from one HSA to another HSA. For reporting purposes, contributions and rollovers do not include these transfers. However, see Box 2 , later, for the reporting of a trustee-to-trustee transfer from an IRA to an HSA.

If you made excess contributions to an HSA or Archer MSA and had earnings on those contributions, taxes will apply. A 6% excise tax for each year is also imposed on you for excess individual and employer contributions that remain in the account. The distribution may have been paid directly to a medical service provider or to the account holder. As needed, you can take tax-free distributions from your account to pay for qualified medical expenses of the account beneficiary or the beneficiary’s spouse or dependents.

The account number is required if you have multiple accounts for a recipient for whom you are filing more than one Form 5498-SA. Additionally, the IRS encourages you to designate an account number for all Forms 5498-SA that you file. See part L in the 2023 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns. If you are required to file Form 5498-SA, you must provide a statement to the participant (generally Copy B) by May 31, 2024. You may, but you are not required to, provide the participant with a statement of the December 31, 2023, FMV of the participant’s account by January 31, 2024.